The kingdom of Yugoslavia, which was first know as The Kingdom of Serbs, Slovenes and Croats, was formed after World War 1 when the Austro-Hungarian empire signed the Treaty of Versailles. The treaty broke apart the empire and provinces of Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia wanted to create their own independent kingdom. Yugoslavia (name changed in 1929, meaning âland of the south Slavsâ) was created with the king of Serbia, Alexander I at head. Many non-Serbs felt they had little say in the running of the kingdom and the king ruled as a dictator until being assassinate in 1934.
In 1941, Yugoslavia fell to Germany and was divided among Germany, Italy and Hungary. Yugoslavia emerged from World War 2 as an independent communist federation of Yugoslav republic lead by Josip (Tito) Broz. World War II had left scars of ethnic identities. Following Titoâs death in 1980, nationalism became a powerful tool for politicians to use to win over their respective peoples. The growing interest in Serb nationalism helped a Serb nationalist, Slobodan Milosevic rise to power. Milosevic intended to make the Serbs dominant in Yugoslavia and create a âGreater Serbiaâ. In 1990, communism collapsed entirely following the elections held in the republics of Yugoslavia and nationalism was the most powerful force in countryâs politics.
In 1991, Slovenia and Croatia declared independence followed by Macedonia later in the year and Bosnia-Herzegovina in early 1992. Milosevic argued that their declarations of independence were illegal and at the Serbsâ instructions, the Yugoslav army was sent into Slovenia in, June 1991, to try and stop the republic from declaring independence but quickly withdrew. Milosevic was willing to let Slovenia go, but now he had set his eyes on Croatia and sent his army into Croatia. In 1992, Croatia agreed to a cease-fire leaving 30 percent of Croatia occupied by the Serbian Yugoslav army. In 1992, the European Community (EC) recognized Slovenia and Croatia as independent countries. In 1992, the Yugoslav army went into Bosnia- Herzegovina to âcleanseâ the republic of Muslims and other non-Serbs. The fighting would continue in Croatia and Bosnia until a cease-fire is arranged in 1994 in Bosnia and Croatia but the cease-fire would end in 1995. The final cease-fire would be called on October in 1995 in both Croatia and Bosnia, ending years of slaughter and âethnic cleansingâ the likes of which had not been seen since the Jewish killings during World War II.
The country of Yugoslavia, which at one time had a population of 45 million, was now divided into 5 different countries: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, and Macedonia Almost overnight, the worldâs perception of Yugoslavia went from being a peaceful, serene and stable country, into a land of murder and refugees and the world was left wondering, what went wrong.
Yugoslavia.. good times, good times.
I am from Croatia and I can live aside my fellow Serbian like brothers; but you people are too uptight about your “national pride” to do so. You ruin a good country. Fuck racism. Fuck you all. Fuck fascism. Fuck nationalism.
2. Some ignorant bigots with their attitudes concerning a certain black Presidential candidate and racist mythology about immigrants (legal and not) and post-9/11 fears stemming from terrorist actions are talking of “America for the Americans” and “RAHOWA”. They use these issues to justify their hate. They want to turn this great nation into another Yugoslavia. That way is NOT the answer.
1. Known for having a horrible war in the early 90s which dissolved the country into 6 republics: Bosnia, Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro
2. A country where the most drop dead gorgeous models come from. Photographers from Paris, Milan and London are sent to roam the streets of the Belgrade, Sarajevo, Zagreb, and Kosovo to find models for the top fashion houses such as Chanel, Armani, Roberto Cavalli, Versace, Valentino
Guy 2: Really?
Guy 1: Yeah! Gorgeous women, high cheekbones, tall, long legs , big boobs, they are hot!
Guy 2: Well of course! They all come from the Former Yugoslavia!